Short Paragraph on Air pollution
Short Paragraph about Air pollution
Air is present everywhere. Human beings, animals, and even plants need air to survive. We cannot touch or see air neither can we taste nor smell it. But we can feel air when it moves. However, it has been polluted nowadays is vast.
The continuous smoke is given out by mills, factories, and harmful gases like carbon-mono-oxide given out by vehicles. Metro cities have large numbers of vehicles plying all day long.
This produces plenty of smoke which as a result makes air pollution. The industrial area situated within the cities creates air pollution. Also, the vast population is one of the major reasons for air pollution in India.
Burning of coal and oil in railway engines and powerhouse makes air polluted. Hence, we should take the correct steps to reduce air pollution before it is too late. Planting more plants and managing the rapid growth of industries may help to reduce air pollution up to some extent.
Destruction of the forest day by day should have to stop to keep the air fresh. In reality, all attainable steps must be taken by all involved to stop air pollution.
Essay About Air Pollution
Points to Remember
- Sources of Air Pollution discussed.
- Sources of Water pollution discussed.
- Effects of Air Pollution.
- Effects of Water Pollution.
- Remedies of Air Pollution.
- Remedies of Water Pollution.
Pollution is a serious problem in our country. There are two main areas of pollution Air and Water.
Sources of Air Pollution discussed
Pollution is a very serious problem in our country. Alt our important cities such as Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta and Madras have been found to be the most polluted cities in India. The smaller industrial towns, such as Kanpur, are also heavily polluted leading to severe health problems.
Water and air are the two areas of pollution. Residents of cities never get clean and pure air to breathe and water is contaminated unsuitable to drink. Cities are the hubs of health problems. In order to rectify this situation, it is important to identify the sources of pollution.
Traffic and industrial exhaust are the major agents of air pollution in the cities. The buses, cars, motorcycles and other such vehicles emit carbon mono-oxide which invades our lungs. Often these vehicles are not properly maintained so that dense black smoke is emitted. Often it becomes difficult to breathe, the air is heavy and toxic.
Another source of air pollution is the smoke from the factories, especially in industrial areas. The life becomes miserable from highly toxic fumes this make life miserable for those around.
Absence of plants and trees is also a reason that makes the environment polluted.
Deforestation and growing concrete jungle are fueling the major problem; for trees breathe in Carbon-dioxide and release oxygen into the atmosphere so that the atmosphere is automatically purified. We suffer the ill effects of atmospheric pollution.
Sources of Water pollution discussed.
Water is essential and necessity of life available in a highly polluted form. Again, it is not difficult to isolate the sources of pollution here also. One reason is our blind and superstitious belief in ancient customs which leads to people making the water filthy. For example, hair after a ‘Mundan” ceremony is collected and thrown into the river Ganges or the Yamuna.
Ashes and leftover bones after the cremation of dead bodies are also thrown into these and other big rivers from which the cities through which they flow, receive this water supply Vet again people wash their dirty clothes on the banks of the rivers which further contaminates the water.
Again effluents from industries are also released into the rivers and these further pollute the water. Yet again, the pipes through which the water are supplied to us are often old and rusted. There is apparently no way of cleaning them and worms, cysts, dust, and other impurities are a normal part of the ‘fresh’ water supplied in the cities.
Effects of Air Pollution
The effect of all this pollution of air and water is hazardous to all those living in the cities. Air pollution means that there is no pure air to breathe in and this results in a host of health problems.
The body does not get its required supply of oxygen and thus we frequently hear complaints of people feeling listless and weak and unable to work efficiently. So too is the city filled with pale looking adults and children, for the blood deprived of the life-giving oxygen absorbs the toxic gases in the atmosphere, ft further leads to asthma, lung problems and allergies of different kinds.
Effects of Water Pollution
The effects of water pollution are just as harmful. Apart from the toxic effects of the industrial poisons which the water contains, cysts and worms have become a chronic problem with many a city dweller. In spite of heavy chlorination, the level of pollution remains above the acceptable norms. Thus we often have epidemics of cholera, typhoid, hepatitis and other such water-borne diseases.
Further, the dust which can easily be seen if the water is collected in a vessel and left standing for some time is believed to cause stones in the bladder and kidney problems.
The urgent need of the time is to have an effective check on the pollution problem in our country if we are to escape being a nation of sick and unhealthy citizens. If individuals and the government are serious about remedying the situation, then the problem can certainly be minimized.
Remedies of Air Pollution
There are a number of remedies to diminish air pollution in the cities. Every individual, government and private organizations should maintain their vehicles well so that only the minimum amount of fumes are emitted. The government can take a strong view of it and heavily penalize vehicles emitting smoke than the acceptable level of smoke.
If there is a continuous check every day then it is sure to yield positive results. In fact, it should be as mandatory for vehicles owners to keep the vehicle’s exhaust system well maintained, as it is for them to have a driving license.
Again, there should be a continuous check on the in dustiness spewing smoke and toxic fumes into the atmosphere. The chimneys letting out the fumes should be at a height where the release of these is incapable of harming people. Yet again, trees and plants should be planted where ever possible.
The little traffic islands on the roads should be planted with trees and bushes and well maintained so that the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is converted to life-giving oxygen.
Remedies of Water Pollution
Similarly, stern steps should be taken to check water pollution. People should be forbidden to throw rubbish at any point of any river. Since religious sentiments have to be respected, certain areas could be cordoned off for the ceremonial disposal of ashes etc.
A regular cleaning operation of the rivers should be undertaken. Sometime back there was a major Ganges Cleaning Operation, and it yielded tonnes of rubbish. However, unless this is done on a regular basis, muck is bound to collect again.
Again, the industries throwing their waste into the river waters should be told to incinerate whatever rubbish it is possible to bum and dispose of the rest in a manner which does not become a hazard for the lives of others.
Further, the municipal authorities in charge of the water supply should clean up their tanks regularly and filter and treat the water properly so that it does not have dust, cysts and other dangerous matter in it. Epidemics of water-borne diseases would then be avoided.
Last, but not the least important is the education of the masses in this regard. If people are made to realize the harmful effects of air and water pollution, then they could take the necessary steps to see that they themselves do not contribute to the pollution of their city. The newspaper magazines, the radio and television are effective media to propagate this message.
Thus, the urgent need of the hour is to free the city of this problem and this can only be done if individual and government agencies work together to eradicate it.
This is a problem which requires urgent attention at the individual and official level.
Deforestation: To cut down trees and jungles.
Mundan: Hair shaving ceremony of a child performed by certain communities
Spew: To come out in a rush or flood
Eradicate: To get rid of completely
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